Reasons for Partition of India PDF

reasons behind the partition of india britain realized a civil war would break out if they didnt do anything so they passed the indian independence act, ending the british rule in india new leader of india The Partition of India into separate Hindu and Muslim nations had been caused by tensions between the religious and cultural differences of the Hindu and Muslim populations Reasons for Partition of India The main reason is, ―India contains large percentage of Hindus. If India gets independence, then the ruling government is obviously decided by the majority(hindus). To live under the rule of Hindus, muslims thought they may get injustice and may not be treated well . So they thought of forming a new country Abstract: With the grace of Allah Almighty we live in happy, free and peaceful environment than Indian Muslims. have in India. ON 14 August 1947 Partition of British India started with Pakistan. the sovereign states of Pakistan and India. The Partition was a climax within a pattern of recurrent violence in the name of Hindus and Muslims for several generations before 1947, a pattern that recurs at lower intensity continually. This study explores the emerging of an interest in the social origins of the Partition out of several decades of th The partition of India and retributive genocide in the Punjab, 1946-47: means, methods, and purposes1 PAUL R. BRASS Labels Genocide studies suffer from several defects that compromise the systematic study of its origins, the dynamic processes by which it is produced, contained, or prevented. These defects include excessive argument over labelling, a nar

the mid-19th century, India became an independent state in 1947, following an independence struggle led by Mahatma Gandhi, and has advanced throughout that time into one of the world's leading economic powers. However, India also faces issues of large-scale poverty as well as corruption and terrorism. Conflict has affected the region, particularly between Hindu Was India's Partition Plan a good decision given what people knew at the time? ROUND 2 Document Base d on this document, was India's Partition Plan a good decision? Evidence from document to support these reasons C: Mountbatten D: Wolpert . India Partition Guiding Questions Timeline . Was India's Partition Plan a good decision given what people knew at the time? Partition Plan a good. It is also arguable that the beginning of British hand in Indian politics was a turning point in the path to the partition. Threatened by the Hindu's and their protests for nationalism, even before the government and the League began their cooperation, British Raj policy aimed at dividing Hindus and Muslims to further their interests. An example was the partition of Bengal, done to prevent the Muslims of Bengal from joining the cause of nationalism. When explaining the decision to the. The partition of India was the most significant event in the history of India. Its chief reason was the antic thinking of the Muslims and their communalism. But the circumstances under which it occurred made it one of the saddest events of the history of India. No doubt, the Hindus and the Muslims were living together since long but they failed to inculcate the feeling of harmony and unity.

The Partition of Bengal | Partition Of India | Bengal

Official reference to Partition came in early March 1947 when the Congress Working Committee passed a resolution that Punjab and Bengal must be partitioned if the country was divided. By June 1947, the Congress leaders had realized that only an immediate transfer of power could check the menace of the communal violence which was spreading quickly due to the Muslim League's call for Direct Action 1947 Partition of India 15 On 29 July 1946, Jinnah gave the call to direct action to Muslims to protest the alleged anti-minority attitude of Nehru. On 16 August 1946, communal massacres, initiated by hotheads despatched by the Muslim League chief minister of Bengal, Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy, took place in Calcutta, which left thousands of people, mostly Hindus, dead and homeless. The Hindus retaliated with great ferocity. More Muslims died in the counter-attack. 23 The Calcutta killings.

The partition of India was the defining moment in the country's history and perhaps its saddest chapter too. The events that accompanied partition were cataclysmically violent even for a land which had witnessed many tragic events in the past. The partition of India uprooted entire communities and left unspeakable violence in its trail. Communal massacres triggered a chaoti The Partition of India was the division of the Presidencies and Provinces of British India conceived under the two-nation theory that resulted in formation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan, in the British Commonwealth of Nations. The Indian Independence Act 1947 partitioned British India bringing an end of the British Raj. At midnight of 14-15 August 1947, India and Pakistan emerged legally as two self-governing countries. Based on Hindu and Muslim majorities. PARTITION of India in 1947 was a great historic event with world-wide repercussions. This was accompanied with transfer of power from British colonialists to national rulers and surel Reason for Partition of INDIA-PAKISTAN | Part-4. Reason for Partition of INDIA-PAKISTAN | Part-4. Now India was divided but the Indo-Pakistan borderline was told after 15 August. People had come to know about the fragmentation of Punjab, but Lahore would never go to Pakistan. At that time there used to be a lot of Hindus in Lahore and soon after the decision came. They started tying their bags. Undivided India had a population of 39 crores in 1947 and after partition

Now on 18 July, the Indian Independence Act was passed in the British Parliament and the British Government started preparing for partition. Now the British architect Radcliffe was called to India to make the border between India and Pakistan. On 8 July 1947, Radcliffe arrived in India and was given the task of constructing the boundary line in just five weeks. Now when Radcliffe got so little time. He asked the leaders of India to take more time for this work. Because it would. Nothing fantastic happened during those two days that paved the way for partition. It was already decided in the second proposal of cabinet mission an year earlier on 16th June 1946. But since Congress rejected this thus it dragged for an year fin.. Britishers divided India because they had always said that as long as their rule was there in India, it would be integrated. when their power came to end, it would be divided. To prove this, they divided India, so that they could prove world that India was having integrity just because of them. Bristishers had the idea that if Mr. Gandhi was given importance in decision making of partition, he would never allow for it. That was only the reason they started to call some leader of congress for. The causes of the partition of India: British policy of divide and rule for deliberately favouring one community and then the other, is to prevent the coming together of Indians against the British. some examples of this policy were, introduction of separate electorate based on religious line, communal awards-1932, recording Census data based on castes and communities etc

The Partition of India in 1947 is one of the great forgotten tragedies of the 20th century. It occurred when India became independent from the British Empire and the territory was broken into India and Pakistan. As part of this process, the north-eastern Indian region of Bengal was split in half along religious lines into East and West Bengal. Muslim-majority East Bengal initially formed part. 3. Basic Maps of the Partition These two maps show how India was divided after gaining independence from the British in 1947. The first shows India under British rule, before the partition. The second shows how the region was divided after gaining independence and the breakaway of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) from West Pakistan (Pakistan. Reasons for the partition of India - CAUSES OF PARTITION OF INDIA. The religious fanaticism of Muslims The principle of the British was to divide and rule. Religious bigotry of Muslims is very much responsible for the Partition of India. They lacked education and were indifferent to modern ideology. He gave special importance to religion. The sentiment was propagated among Muslims that in a. Elizabethtown Area School District / Overvie

(PDF) Pakistan the Product of Factors: Reasons for the

Partition of Bengal. 79 01. Communalism 0..... 2 0 0 80 2. Hindu-Muslim relation in Bengal before 1900.. 2 0 81 3. Steps towards partition..... 3 0 82 4. Turmoil during partition.. 4 0 87 a) The 1906 unrests.. 5 0 88 b) Birth of Muslim League..... 6 0 89 c) The 1907 riots.. 7 0 90 d) Pattern of riots.. 8 0 83 5. Reasons of unrest.. 9 0 91 a) Condition of the Muslims. Aug 11, 2021 - Reasons for Partition of India Humanities/Arts Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of Humanities/Arts. This video is highly rated by Humanities/Arts students and has been viewed 160 times reasons both for and against supporting the war. The Congress was torn in its mind over the question. Most Congress leaders were opposed to Hitler, Mussolini and the ideology of fascism. They were determined to resist the Fascist drive to conquer other sovereign nations. The Congress expected that the British would see their double standards in the expectation that India should support them in. could be solved if we could decipher the reasons - tempermental, political or otherwise, that converted Jinnah the Nationalist, into Jinnah the Communalist. Then there are those (among muslims), who continue to hold the view that India's partition was in-herent in the situation and as much inevitable, since Muslims constitute a nation by themselves. The views that the British policy of 'divide. After independence, India might incline toward Russia. That's why they tried to go indulged in their own problems so that India should not get chance to take part in world's politics. For that India's partition has been deliberately held and through historical writing Mr. Gandhi was made target of accusation. Download pdf

Download the resource as a printable PDF. Download the resource as a printable PDF. Key words: Empire, Government, Ideas, Role of individuals in encouraging change, India, Pakistan, South Asia, independence, decolonisation, nationalism 'The Long Partition' In August 1947 British India was partitioned, ending three hundred years of colonial rule with the creation two independent nations. Reasons for Partition. By the end of the 19th century, several nationalist movements had emerged in India. Indian nationalism had expanded as the result of British policies of education and the advances made by the British in India in the fields of transportation and communication. However, British insensitivity to and distance from the people. The partition of India of 1947 religiously divided the Indian subcontinent into the separate independent nations, India and Pakistan. This not only meant the end of the British Raj, but also the start of one of the greatest religious migrations of the 20 th century, leading to a death toll ranging from 200,000 to 2 million and the estimated displacement of 15 million [1] This document collection relates to India and the struggle for independence and the road to partition 1939-1947. It covers some of the key aspects of this period, for example, how the Second World War impacted on India's relationship with Britain, the civil disobedience campaign as well as the differences between Indian politicians Jinnah and Gandhi. Other documents relate to British.


Causes of the Partition of India - UKEssays

  1. Reasons for partition of India UPSC. Background of the Partition It can be said that the seeds of the Partition of India were sowed in the Partition of Bengal when the province was divided on a religious basis. Popular outrage and protests against this move forced the Viceroy, Lord Curzon, to reverse the decision Reasons for Congress acceptance of partition: The Congress had failed over the.
  2. These are the various reasons for the Partition of the country:-. 1) Communal violence in Bengal (January 1947) 2) Communal violence in Punjab in (March 1947) 3) Provincial elections in 1937. 4) The frequent violence which broke out in August 1946. 5) The continuous fail in compromise attempts. 6) The divide and rule policy of the British.
  3. Generally, there mainly are three reasons for you to partition your hard drive in Windows. To use unallocated hard drive: As explained above, you can't save files on hard drive if it is not partitioned. Thus, if your hard drive is unallocated and without partition, it's rather necessary to partition it. For higher transfer rate: On hard disk drive, the outermost tracks have a higher.

Partition and Hindi Novel. PARTITION of India in 1947 was a great historic event with world-wide repercussions. This. was accompanied with transfer of power from British colonialists to national. Why and How India was Partitioned. Author and retired naval officer discusses the intricacies of the India- Pakistan partition, which was not only hugely mismanaged by the British but also deliberately pushed as such by Indian politicians; blatantly stacked against Pakistan, in the hope the country would collapse. By K Hussan Zia. 13 August 2021 The partition of India led to the largest mass migration in human history with 15 million people migrating, mainly by foot, to their new religious homeland. There were over 7 million displaced. Why partition of Bengal reversed in 1911? q Economic reasons: boycott of British goods and Swadeshi Movement, decline in demand of British products in Indian markets, import dropped, profits of British traders ruined, local industries flourished, use of home made-product increased.. q Surrender in front of products and demonstration, Law and order situation, cult of bomb and terrorism.

What are the Causes of Partition of India

Partition and it's reasons - JournalsOfIndi

According to John Vincent, Mahatma Gandhi was responsible for the 'shedding of innocent blood during the massacres', which occurred in the aftermath of the Partition of India in 1947. Historians have been trying to identify the genesis of the movement for Pakistan, whether Gandhi could have done anything to prevent the Partition of India, and the factors that led to the massacres and the. Correct answers: 2 question: 'Reasons for the Partition of Bengal were more important than the reasons for its reversal' Do you agree? Give reasons. [14 When everything was going well then, what was the reason that the need of partition arose, many historians said that it was the hunger of congress for the power which lead to the separation of India and Pakistan. Gandhi among these leader was the only idealist who wanted an undivided nation. The British negotiated with Jinnah who was the leader of Muslim league they said that Muslims being the. on India had been deformed—particularly when it came to religion—by the structure of colonialism itself, through which the British had manipulated religion and distorted India's modern development to serve their own exploitative purposes. Nehru's ultimate acquiescence in partition was in fact a product of pragmatic calculation, focused o

Partition of india final ppt. 1. • August 14, 1947- plan for the partition was put into action. • finalized - July 18, 1947 and was putforth a month later. • India formed- Hindu regions • Pakistan formed-Muslim regions. • Pakistan was formed in two dominions- East Pakistan and West Pakistan, which were separated geographically by India the new government were pro-Congress and Gandhi, so Partition was most unlikely and instead the favoured route was for a federal India rather than two separate states. However there were other reasons partition took place in 1947. Following the Simla Conference in 1945, Lord Wavell announced new elections. The result

A three-part series, 'Dangerous Borders: A Journey across India and Pakistan', to mark the 70th anniversary of the Partition of India. Journalists Adnan Sarwar and Babita Sharma travel either side of the 2000 mile border, 70 years after the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan, to discover the realities of the lives of those living there Communalism in India is result of the emergence of modern politics, which has its roots in partition of Bengal in 1905 and feature of separate electorate under Government of India Act, 1909.Later, British government also appeased various communities through Communal award in 1932, which faced strong resistance from Gandhi ji and others. All these acts were done by the British government to. Superior Chippewa Indians (Tribe), which holds a majority interest in the Allotment, notified BIA that it was exercising its statutory authority, see 25 U.S.C. § 2204(a), to purchase Appellant's interest without his consent. The Superintendent treated this fact as dispositive and gave no other reason for denying Appellant's partition application. We vacate the Regional Director's. The partition of India Project by Ritu The End Consequences of the partition The partition of India at the end of 350 years of British rule in 1947 resulted in riots, looting, murders and a flood of 15 million refugees. The division of the former British possession into th Partition Of India Research Paper. He generally represented the Muslim population. This is significant because it explains why he was a leader in the Partition of India, and the reason he became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, a muslim majority state. Initially, Jinnah was a firm believer in the unity between the religions but eventually he was convinced that the reason for problems in.

This article talks about the Partition of Bengal, 1905 and the causes, effects and outcomes of the partition. Lord Curzon was the Viceroy of India from 1899 to 1905. The partition of the Bengal province came into effect during his viceroyalty on 16 th October 1905. Download Partition of Bengal 1905 notes PDF from the link given below

Q Were the reasons for the partition of Bengal more important than the reasons from PAK 2059 at Roots Millennium School

(PDF) 1947 partition of India Ausima S U L T A N Malik

The partition of India in 1947 is rightly considered as a blot in Indian history. Two streams of arguments exist- as per one the partition could be avoided and as per another it was unavoidable. Body: The Partition could not be avoided: The seeds of Partition were sown long ago. Divide and rule policy of Britishers: As early as 1940s, Winston Churchill hoped that Hindu-Muslim antagonism would. Geographical Partition of India and Pakistan The then Viceroy of India, Lord Mountbatten came up with a '3 June Plan' or 'Mountbatten Plan' to divide British India between the two new dominions on.

The Final Transfer of Power in India, 1937-1947: A Closer Loo

The Mountbatten Plan proposes the partition of India and the speedy transfer of responsibility, initially in the form of Dominion Status, to Indian Governments for the sections of a divided India. Formally, the Plan does not lay down the partition of India, but provides machinery for the areas affected by the Pakistan demand to choose, either through their Legislative Assembly representatives. On 3 June 1947, only six weeks before British India was carved up, a group of eight men sat around a table in New Delhi and agreed to partition the south Asian subcontinent.. Photographs taken at.

Responsibility for the partition of India continues to spark much heated debate. Among historians, some hold the British squarely responsible while others put the blame on the rift between Hindus and Muslims. Historians on the Left have argued that the partition was the result of both greed and convenience when capitalist supporters of the Congress struck a deal with their metropolitan. Timeline: The turmoil and legacy of India's hasty partition. It is 70 years since British colonial India was partitioned into two new nations - India and Pakistan. The BBC charts the struggle. Make a list of various reasons for the partition of the country? The British were desperate with the Indian people revolting against their rule. They looked for ways to punish the Congress and weaken its hold over the people. They followed the Divide and Rule Policy. As a result, the British government supported and encouraged the plans of the Muslim League. The League could create the.

India has been acclaimed in recent years as an information technology (IT) superpower and perhaps even as a major new player in the world economy. The Indian economy has been growing at around 5 or 6% per annum since 2003, adjusted for population growth, and there are good reasons to suppose that similar rates of growth of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita might be sustainable over the. The pro-separatist All-India Muslim League worked to try to silence those nationalist Muslims who stood against the partition of India, often using intimidation and coercion. [21] [20] The murder of the Chief Minister of Sind and All India Azad Muslim Conference leader Allah Bakhsh Soomro also made it easier for the All-India Muslim League to demand the creation of a Pakistan Indian soldiers walking through the debris of a building in Amritsar, India, during the unrest following partition, in August 1947. Credit... Agence France-Presse — Getty Image PARTITION OF BENGAL 1905 AND ITS ANNULMENT IN 1911.. Bengal, Bihar and Orissa had formed a single province under British India since 1765. After the British crushed the Sepoy Rebellion of 1875, they dissolved the East India Company and took direct control of the province. British control extended from Eastern Bengal across the entire Gange

History of Partition of India (1947) : Causes , Effects

(PDF) Partition and Hindi Novel - ResearchGat

Save pdf (0.17 mb) Save to Dropbox Save to Google Drive Save to Kindle. Share. Cite Rights & Permissions [Opens in a new window] Extract. More than sixty-five years after the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947, controversy about partition, its causes and its effects, continues. Yet the emphases in these debates have changed over the years, and it is perhaps time, in the wake of India. interested in India for two (2) reasons: 1. Raw materials 2. Consumers (300 million population) ! Originally India was operated by a corporation (The East India Company) Later taken over by the British government . British East India Company Agents (1800's) Lord Cornwallis, appointed governor-general of India after his defeat at Yorktown in 1781. How did the people of India react to the.

Factors which led to partition of British India are :-. 1) British :-. a) Since after 1857 revolt, British has supported divide and rule policy which entered into religion . b) Morley Minto Reform - 1919 led to conceiving the idea of religious differentiation between hindus and muslims The partition of India not only changed the geography of the subcontinent; it at the same time left a deep rooted impact on the hearts of people who had struggled for years to see the dawn of peace with a new India. The Partition of India was based on number of factors. With the passage of time number of issues developed within Indian politics. The newly rising factors which occupied the. Communal violence has wracked India for decades. Partition of the subcontinent in 1947 was accompanied by horrific violence between Hindus and Sikhs on the one hand and Muslims on the other, leaving a million dead and over 10 times that number homeless. Since independence, there have been countless instances of communal violence. In the 2005-09 period alone, 648 people were killed and 11,278. INDIA: PARTITION AND INDEPENDENCE The Partition and Independence of India Outline and Purpose Introduction to India's Partition India's Political Context [Indian National Congress and The Muslim League] The Partition and Independence of India (1947) Main Events: National an

Reason for Partition of INDIA-PAKISTAN Part-4

In India Partition is seen as unfortunate ,Divide and Rule policy of British people. They sow the seed of this partition in 1900 around.Now it has become full grown tree. Recommend 0. not. The real culprits behind India's Partition. By Mohammad Sajjad. May 24, 2018 14:03 IST. AMU has once again been pulled into a crossfire of crass political opportunism. In these post-truth times. Get PDF's this was the only way to achieve freedom and liberty for the country. Discuss the reasons for partition of India. ( History) This statement was given by Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant during the moving of partition resolution. Communal riots which began in Calcutta on 16 th August with the observance of the Direct Action Day, Spread like chain reaction. Mountbatten's Judgement.

Reason for Partition of INDIA-PAKISTAN Part-3

What were the main reasons of the partition in India

Get PDF's; Forum this was the only way to achieve freedom and liberty for the country. Discuss the reasons for partition of India. ( History) This statement was given by Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant during the moving of partition resolution. Communal riots which began in Calcutta on 16 th August with the observance of the Direct Action Day, Spread like chain reaction. Mountbatten's. On the second issue, I prefer the partitioning of India into Muslim India and non-Muslim India as the surest and safest method of providing for the defence of both. It is certainly the safer of the two alternatives. I know it will be contended that my fears [=fear] about the loyalty of the Muslims in the army to a Free and United India, arising from the infection of the two-nation theory, is. This hardly justified the Congress reneging on its solemn pledge to the people of India to not accept Partition. But Nehru and Patel were both keen to accept Partition and take over the reins of government in an independent India. Gandhi wanted to avoid a confrontation with his protégés at that stage. He had good reason to believe that despite Congress accepting Partition it would not occur. Reason for partition: Partition was promoted for administrative reasons since Bengal was geographically as large as France and had a significantly larger population. The provincial state of Bengal had an area of 189,000 mi2 (almost 2 lac square mile) and a population of nearly 80 million

4)Communal Reaction. 5) Congress policy of strengthing India. 6) Formation of weak Pakistan in the minds of Indian leaders. 7) Development transfer of power. 8) Provisions of the Indian Independent Act. I think so this are the possible reasons for the partition of the country. e3radg8 and 6 more users found this answer helpful The second partition of Bengal took place at the time of the partition of India in 1947. On June 20, the members of the 'Bengal Legislative Assembly' decided to cast three separate votes to decide the fate of Bengal. At the end of the three separate elections, it was decided that Bengal will indeed be divided. Under the 'Mountbatten Plan' the Hindu majority West Bengal joined the Union. Indian Independence Day 2021: Lord Mountbatten came to India with an aspiration to the partition of India and the speedy transfer of responsibility ICSE Solutions for Class 10 History and Civics - Towards Partition of India (1944 - 1947) ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE Solutions APlusTopper.com provides ICSE Solutions for Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 17 Towards Partition of India (1944-1947) for ICSE Board Examinations. We provide step by step Solutions for ICSE History and Civics Class 10 Solutions [

(PDF) Gandhi and partition of india : An overview Arun S

Partition, however, cannot be blamed on the Muslim League and Jinnah alone. There had always been an explicitly Hindu majoritarian streak in Indian nationalism that equated Indian identity with Hinduism and defined India in Hindu terms, for example as a mother goddess akin to Kali and Durga. The literature that this strand of thinking produced. Answer: (i) Partition: The Act provided for the partition of Indian into two independent Dominions i.e. India and Pakistan. Area of Pakistan: Pakistan was to comprise East Bengal, West Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, North-West Frontier Province and the district of Sylhet in Assam Partition - the division of British India into the two separate states of India and Pakistan on August 14-15, 1947 - was the last-minute mechanism by which the British were able to. In 1947, Bengal was partitioned for the second time, solely on religious grounds, as part of the Partition of India following the formation of India and Pakistan The actual reasons for partition of Bengal were more of political in nature rather than administrative. At that time, there was birth of nationalism in Bengal and at the same time there was unity among the Hindu and Muslim population. Hence, the British wanted the policy of Divide and Rule. Congress party opposed the partition of Bengal and it started anti-partition movement, which was carried.

Q. Analyze the causes of the partition of India. [UPSC-GS1 ..

The partition of India and Pakistan was a time of great turmoil. There was an overwhelming amount of violence and confusion at the time, 1947, when two new countries were born: Hindu-dominated India and Muslim-dominated Pakistan. Although there hadn't been much of any violent altercations between Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs before this time, the partition brought a myriad of difficulties. Partition as a subject in Indian cinema took off around the early 1970s, with a surge in output in the 1990s. Here are five thought-provoking works from the subcontinent which capture the experience and aftermath of this major historical event, helping us to understand the complex relationship that exists between Pakistan and India. Garm Hava (1973) MS Sathyu's debut feature, shot on a. Independence of India was not a simple affair, because it also involved partition of the country. When it came to partition it was actually the partition of two provinces Bengal and Punjab. I first developed my interest in this subject in late 1980s when I was in school and studied in the books of social studies and Pakistan studies about this issue. It was claimed that during the partition in.

Why Did the Partition of India Happen? History Hi

The Partition of India was the process of dividing the subcontinent along sectarian lines, which took place in 1947 as India gained its independence from the British Raj.The northern, predominantly Muslim sections of India became the nation of Pakistan, while the southern and majority Hindu section became the Republic of India The independence of India from the British Empire was marked by its partition into two countries, viz India and Pakistan. As a corollary to independence and partition of India, 500‐odd princely states which had direct relationship with the British Empire were required to integrate with either India or Pakistan — the successor states

Partition is supposed to be a non-ideal scenario in the Indian context. However, the number of partition suits Indian Legal System witnesses has an altogether different story to relate. Under Hindu law, the arrangement of a Joint Family or Undivided Family is quite prevalent. This culture has attained enormous legal prominence in India. The joint family consists of lineage descendants from a. State any three features of the Mountbatten Plan. 1. Partition: The country would be divided into two Dominions i.e. India and Pakistan. 2. Relations between the two new Dominions: It was for the two Dominions to decide what relations they would have with. · With the British Commonwealth and. · With each other Lord Mountbatten (India's last viceroy) proposed a plan in 1947 according to which provinces were to be declared independent successor states with the power to choose whether to join the constituent assembly or not. Known as the Mountbatten Plan, the plan provided for the partition of India into two states that were granted the rights of dominions